Monument to National Rebirth
A monument? So what?
There’s more to it than you may think….
Under Shari’a (Islamic religious law) in force during the Ottoman Empire, public monuments were not allowed—they were “effigies” (portrayals of beings with an immortal soul) and therefore forbidden as idolatry.
The government commissioned the Italian sculptor Pietro Canonica to make a work honoring the leaders of the struggle for independence and the formation of the republic in 1923.
The monument was unveiled in 1928, only five years after the republic was founded.