The two primary types of carpets are kilims (flat-woven) and halı (knotted). Kilims emerged around 7000 B.C. in the Anatolian region, while halı were likely created by Turkish tribes during the 8th century and brought to the Anatolian region during the 12th century. Often, kilims and halı were used on walls and floors of stone houses to keep them warmer.
Between the 12th and 19th centuries, creating carpets became a much more profitable industry, as well as a way for artists to express themselves. Each carpet was, and is, handwoven using a variety of products such as wool, silk, or cotton. The centuries of experience, technique, and tradition of Turkish carpets is the reason they are so valuable today.
Turkish carpets were first introduced to Europe in the early 19th century and rapidly gained popularity to the point in which the demand surpassed supply. When machine-products were introduced, they were noticeably much lower quality.
Following this, many shops began producing hand-made carpets again to create the highest quality, most authentic, and most traditional carpets and artwork available.