The history of Anatolia & Turkey from 23,000 BC to 1950 AD.
Continuously inhabited by humans for 25,000 years…
Humankind’s first temple was built by hunter-gatherers at Göbekli Tepe in southeastern Anatolia even before the invention of agriculture and pottery. More…
The Hittites (1900-1200 BC)
The Biblical empire that fought with Pharaoh.
Phrygia (1200-600 BC)
The Phrygians under King Midas gave us embriodery, cymbals, the musical triangle, and more.
Hellenic Civilization (1200-600 BC)
Western civilization started here.
Hellenistic: Alexander the Great (334 BC)
Conquering the world in his early 30s….
The Romans in Anatolia (250 BC-330 AD)
To the Romans, Anatolia was the province of Asia Minor.
The Byzantine Empire (330-1453 AD)
A thousand years of art, culture, religion and political turmoil.
The Seljuk Turks (1071-1243)
The Ottoman Empire (1288-1923)
From warrior principality to huge empire and “Sick Man of Europe” in 500 years—not to mention the Orient Express.
The Turkish Republic (1923-Present)
A modern democratic state built on the ruins of a medieval theocratic monarchy.
Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938)
Brilliant general, masterful statesman, social reformer, powerful advocate of secularism and women’s rights.
History of the Middle East in 90 Seconds
Want to see it all in a 90-second Flash animation? Click here: the history of the Middle east in 90 seconds!
—by Tom Brosnahan
|Turkish History Books|