Read about my
dramatic visits to
Ephesus and other
"cities of Asia."
Paul was an Anatolian,
born in the Roman city
of Tarsus on the eastern Mediterranean coast
of what is now Turkey.
traveled extensively in "Asia" (ie,
Asia Minor, or Anatolia) spreading
Jesus's teachings. You can too, on a Christian Tour. More...
Paul's First Journey
About 47-49 AD Paul went on his first
journey, traveling from east to west
along the Mediterranean coast stopping
at Antioch (Antakya), Seleucia (Silifke), Side and Attaleia (Antalya).
From there he climbed into the mountains,
to Antioch-in-Pisidia (Yalvaç,
near Akşehir), then to Galatia and
its capital of Iconium (Konya).
Later he wrote to the people of Iconium,
and this Letter to the Galatians became
the 9th book of the New Testament.
From Iconium he walked 40 km (25 miles)
south to Lystra (Hatunsaray)
and Derbe before returning
to Attaleia, where he boarded a ship
for his return voyage to Antioch.
The Second Journey
Paul traveled much farther
afield on his second trip. After visiting
some of the same cities he had seen
on his first trip, he went to the region
called Mysia to visit Troy (Truva),
then, crossing the Dardanelles,
he ventured into Macedonia (northern
Greece, southwestern Bulgaria).
The Third Journey
On his third trip (53-57 AD),
Paul revisited some of these same cities,
and also saw Ancyra (Ankara), Smyrna (İzmir), Adramyttium (Edremit)
and Ephesus (Efes, Selçuk),
capital of Roman Asia.
In Ephesus his preaching caused trouble.
The local silversmiths made
their living selling effigies of the Anatolian
fertility goddess (Cybele/Artemis/Diana) to pilgrims coming to visit the gigantic
of Artemis. The more the Ephesians
listened to Paul, the less they believed
in Artemis—and the fewer effigies
The silversmiths brought spurious
charges against Paul, but after a dramatic
'kangaroo court' in the Great
Theater he was released, having
committed no crime. He continued his
journey, later visited Miletus.
The Final Journey
In 59-60 AD, Paul was arrested
in Jerusalem, charged
with inciting to riot, and shipped
off to Rome for
trial. He changed ships at Myra (Demre)
and headed for Cnidos,
at the tip of the peninsula west
a harbor where ships often waited
for favorable winds, but a storm
prevented him from landing there.
Seven Churches of Revelation
For the record, the Seven Churches
of Revelation were the "Seven
Churches of Asia" (ie, Asia Minor, Anatolia): Ephesus (Efes), Smyrna (İzmir), Pergamum (Bergama), Sardis (Sart,
east of İzmir), Philadelphia (Alaşehir), Laodicea (Goncalı,
between Denizli and Pamukkale)
and Thyatira (Akhisar).
Great Theater at Ephesus,
where St Paul was
tried and foundnot guilty (except
by the silversmiths!)