Sumela Monastery, Trabzon

Last Updated on May 7, 2019

The 1000-year-old Monastery of the Virgin Mary atSumela is among the most impressive sights of Turkey’s Black Sea coast, but unfortunately it is closed until 2017 for restoration work.

It’s not just the monastery itself that is the attraction, it’s the entire expedition to see it: the monastery’s alpine setting, clinging to a sheer rock cliff in the midst of dense evergreen forests loud with the splash of chill mountain streams, comes as a surprise for those who think of Turkey as a land of rolling steppe.

Closed Now, But When It Reopens…

When Sumela reopens to the public, perhaps in 2017, the excursion to Sumela is best done as a half-day or full-day excursion from Trabzon, 47 km (29 miles, 1 hour) south of Trabzon (map).

To avoid the crowds, arrive early in the morning— particularly if you want good photographs—and avoid summer weekends when the crowds and traffic—on the narrow roads—can be intense. You may want to bring a picnic lunch to enjoy next to the pretty stream in the gorge.

(Once a year, on August 15th, a Greek Orthodox service is held at the monastery, and special permission from the Ecumenical Orthodox Patriarchate is required to enter.)

The monastery is not yet handicap accessible because of the rough path and many steps to the entrance, and steps within the compound, but perhaps the restorations now under way will make the monastery handicap-accessible.

Frescoed church, Sumela Monastery, Trabzon, Turkey

The fresco-covered Rock Church at Sumela…

Driving from Trabzon

Follow signs for Sumela Manastırı south along Highway E97/D885 to the town of Maçka, where you turn left onto a narrower road leading up into the gorge.

The land around the monastery is now preserved as Altındere Valley National Park. You will reach the park entrance, where you’ll pay a TL15 admission fee per car to enter the park.

You’ll pass several trout hatcheries benefitting from the cold mountain stream. Small restaurants offer trout meals to hungry travelers.

You arrive at the base of the cliff with the monastery high above you. Here is a small parking area with several restaurants, tea shops, and free picnic tables perched right over the gushing stream—a very appealing location.

Driving Up to the Monastery

You can drive, or take a minibus dolmuş, up the steep hill to the monastery. The road is narrow and winding, with many blind corners and stretches only wide enough for one vehicle. Look for traffic ahead, and use a pull-out to let others pass (as they should do for you).

Along the drive you’ll follow the dramatic gorge and the stream, which you cross on bridges several times. At one bridge the stream becomes a waterfall—you may want to stop for a look.

About 3/4 of the way to the top is a viewpoint with a fine view of the monastery clinging to its sheer rock cliff. There’s room to stop.

At the top there is very little parking. You may have to park in a suitable place on the narrow road and walk the rest of the way to the monastery path.

Hiking Up to the Monastery

From the restaurants at the bottom of the cliff you can hikeup to the monastery if you wish. It’s a 1-km (6/10 mile), 35 to 45-minute climb in which you rise 250 meters (820 feet).

Entering the Monastery

Fresco of a queen, Sumela Monastery, Trabzon, Turkey
Fresco of a queen on the Rock Church…

From the end of the access road, where you park, it is a walk of 10 to 15 minutes up and along a path that can be a rough climb at times.

Much of the path is stone steps, with more steps up to the entrance where you buy your admission ticket (TL8).

After that comes another long flight of steps up to the door, then another long flight down on the opposite side.

Touring the Monastery

As for what there is to see—although the monastery is large, particularly when seen from a distance, only a small area is open to visitors. The Rock Church is the main attraction, with its frescoes dating from the 1300s to the 1700s. Several small service rooms (kitchen, library, etc.) open onto the inner courtyard.

The most prominent part of the monastery, the large building facing out from the cliffside, was lodging for monks and pilgrims. It dates from 1840, and is not open to the public.

—by Tom Brosnahan

What to See & Do

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About Trabzon



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Central Anatolia

Eastern Turkey

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