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Map of Turkey’s Regions & Cities

Last Updated on August 22, 2023

Aegean region of Turkey

If you're planning a trip to Turkey soon, you may wonder where you should go in this large and beautiful country. Each region of Turkey has a diverse culture and points of interest. Let's have a look at the most prominent regions for tourists and what you might expect to find in each.

Turkey is 1565 km (970 miles) east to west and 550 km (400 miles) north to south at its widest points. The country comprises 81 cities and seven regions; Marmara, Aegean, Mediterranean, Black Sea of Turkey, Central Anatolia, South Eastern Anatolia, and Eastern Anatolian. 

Turkey: Cities & Regions

Turkey is a country that offers a diverse range of cities and regions for visitors to explore. From the bustling streets and iconic landmarks of Istanbul to the pristine beaches of Antalya and the surreal landscapes of Cappadocia, Turkey has something for everyone. Whether you're seeking history among the ancient ruins, natural beauty in the seaside villages, or vibrant urban experiences in the biggest cities, Turkish cities and towns provide a rich tapestry of cultural and scenic delights. Read more about cities in Turkey, grouped by their region below.

Turkey's major cities—Istanbul, Izmir, Antalya, Ankara—are important to know, but it is also important to understand the regions of Turkey: Thrace/Marmara, Aegean, Mediterranean, etc.

Marmara Region

The Marmara region is known as the bridge between Asia and Europe. The most noticeable cities in the Marma region are Istanbul and Bursa. The region is known for its development and historical background. With a population of over 15 million people, Istanbul is the heart of Turkey and one of the largest cities in Europe.

One known as Constantinople before it became the capital of the Ottoman Empire, Istanbul is now a lively and modern city full of beautiful spots and a testament to its diverse and rich history. Most of Turkey's historical places are in Istanbul: Hagia Sophia Mosque, Basilica Cistern, Suleymaniye Mosque, Topkapi Palace, Dolmabahce Palace, etc., are some of the many historical sites in Istanbul.

Bursa is known for its traditional architecture and beautiful snowy mountains, perfect for skiing. There are many famous places, such as Cumalikizik, Uludag Ski Center, Bursa Teleferik, etc., in Bursa.

Mediterranean Region

The Mediterranean region is known for its pristine beaches and world-famous hotels and resorts. The Turquoise Coast of Marma, Ancient Greek and Roman historical sites are among the many reasons for its popularity. The most noticeable parts of the Mediterranean region are;

Antalya, including Kemer, Olimpos, Çıralı, Demre/Myra, Perge, Termessos, & Phaselis

With pristine beaches and ancient history, it is no wonder why Antalya is the tourists' favorite spot in Turkey. There are many luxury hotels and resorts in Antalya, which are among the popular choices among tourists and it is the fifth largest city in Turkey.

Fethiye, including Ölüdeniz, Göcek, Kaş, Kalkan, Patara, Dalyan, Köyceğiz, Dalaman, Muğla, Sarıgerme, & Üçağız/Kale

Quiet villages such as Kaş and Kalkan have recently become one of the most famous places. Similar to Antalya, there are blue-flag beaches and historical sites all around the area. The Mediterranean Sea and historic ruins are visited by tourists all around the world.

East of Antalya

East of Antalya, including Alanya, Side, Manavgat, Aspendos, & Belek

The historic Hellenistic–Roman and Greek structures can be found extensively in this area, and it has a kilometer of fine sand beach on either side. These places are a hidden haven for many tourists wanting a quieter experience.

Aegean Region

The Aegean region is one of the most visited regions in Turkey. Many structures and ancient ruins are left because the area used to belong to Greece and Roma for a long time. Also, seaside villages offer a bougainvillea and tranquil atmosphere. Among the most noticeable areas within the Aegean region include:

Ephesus, including Selçuk, Şirince, & Kuşadası

This ancient city is a UNESCO world heritage site. You can visit one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Temple of Artemis, and one of the best-preserved classical cities. You can also enjoy the beautiful Aegean Sea.

Alacati,Town,Coast,View,In,Cesme,Town.,Alacati,Is,Populer

Known for its beautiful scenes and ferries, Izmir is the third largest city in Turkey. Around an hour away, in the seaside towns of Alacati and Çeşme, you can enjoy a blue flag (top-quality) beach, stone houses, and a ferry terminal to the Greek island of Chios.

Pamukkale, including Denizli, Aphrodisias

Hot calcium-laden mineral waters ripple over a cliff to form cascades of gleaming white stone at this spa inland near Denizli. The water is swimmable and a favorite place among spa lovers.

Troy (Truva), including Çanakkale, Gallipoli

This historical place has lots to offer for locals and tourists alike. You can visit the Trojan Horse in Canakkale and Anzac Cove on Gallipoli Peninsula. Canakkale especially holds a special place in Turkish people’s hearts, famous for its importance in the Turkish War of Independence.

Anatolia Region

Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor, is in the center of Turkey. The capital city of Turkey, Ankara, is located in this region. Bounded by Ankara, Konya, Karaman, Kahramanmaraş, Sivas, and Amasya, Central Anatolia has been home to many of the oldest settlements in the world. The most noticeable cities in the Anatolia region include:

The second largest city and national capital of Turkey, Ankara has many ancient hilltop fortresses, famous museums, and the grand Mausoleum of Kemal Atatürk. It has lots of good, affordable restaurants as well.

Cappadocia is the historic area of central Anatolia bordered by the towns of Hacıbektaş, Aksaray, Niğde, and Kayseri. Cappadocia offers one of the most beautiful scenes in Turkey. You can take hot air balloon rides to see the area where erosion has formed caves, "fairy chimneys," pinnacles. You can always visit and enjoy historic painted cave churches and hike along the beautiful valleys.

Kayseri is another famous city within Central Anatolia that catches the attention of many. The city is famous for its outstanding Seljuk Turkish architecture (1100s to 1200s) and interesting bazaars.

Black Sea Region

Known as small Sweden within Turkey, the Black Sea Region is famous for its beautiful panoramic views that look just like Sweden's. It is a special spot for people who want to enjoy the beauty of nature soaked in greenery and stunning sea views.

Fun fact: Black Sea Region in Turkey exports 70% of the world's demand for hazelnuts. So, next time you eat Nutella or a chocolate bar, know there is a high chance it comes from Turkey.

Eastern Turkey is high and surrounded by mountains. The weather in winter is quite harsh, so unless you want to ski, it is wise to visit here in summer. There are many archeological sites and ancient traditional architecture in this region. You will feel as if you have stepped back in ancient times when you visit some of the oldest known settlements and historical sites.

However, it is less developed than the West, so you can expect small villages inhabited mostly by locals. Rock Valley Travel organizes both group and private tours of Eastern Turkey. The most noticeable cities in the Eastern Turkey region include:

Turkey's meat capital is surrounded by beautiful Seljuk and Ottoman Empire buildings and the Kaçkar Mountains, Doğubayazıt, and Mount Ararat. Erzurum is known as the kebab capital of Turkey offering lots of delicious treats to visitors.

One of the most beautiful lakes in Turkey. The Lake Van is the home of the Cathedral of the Holy Cross, Aghtamar and it is the largest lake in Turkey. You can also visit Van (city) near the lake, which offers many traditional Seljuk and Ottoman buildings and delicious meals.

Conclusion

Turkey has a lot to offer to visitors, from pristine beaches and modern cities to traditional cities with high valleys. No matter which region of Turkey you visit, There are lots to explore and experience.
So, don't wait anymore and book your trip to Turkey today!

—by Tom Brosnahan, updated by Can Turan

Touristic Turkey Map Canakkale Konya Alanya Antakya Iskenderun Mersin Adana Gaziantep Harran Sanliurfa Mardin Van Dogubayazit Mount Ararat Diyarbakir Adiyaman Nemrut Dagi Malatya Urgup Kayseri Nevsehir Cappadocia Erzurum Kars Kackar Mountains Trabzon Sivas ANKARA Amasya Samsun Sinop Amasra  Bursa Eskisehir Pamukkale Denizli Egirdir Antalya Kas Fethiye Marmaris Bodrum Kusadasi Selcuk (Ephesus) Izmir Bergama Sea of Marmara Black Sea Mediterranean Sea Aegean Sea Dardanelles Bosphorus Istanbul Edirne

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